Lord of the Rings: Borrowed Mythology

For students of 7th to graduate grade.

Examine the relationships between world mythology (especially European) and The Lord of the Rings trilogy.  J.R.R. Tolkein studied mythology and world languages extesively.  Many of his characters, themes and plots parallel established mythological traditions.  

Some similarities are:


The Ring
   Andvari's ring (Volsung Saga)   

   Sigmund (Volsung Saga)

   Sigurd (Volsung Saga)

Aragorn's sword, Anduril 
   Gram (Volsung Saga)

   Grani (Volsung Saga)

Other pre-Christian mythological references can be seen:

    * a "Green Man" (Tom Bombadil)
    * wise men (the White Council, especially the Istari or Wizards)
    * shapechangers (Beorn)
    * undead spirits or ghosts (Barrow-wights, Oathbreakers)
    * sentient non-humans (Dwarves, Elves, Hobbits and Ents)