Lord of the Rings: Borrowed Mythology

For students of 7th to graduate grade.

Examine the relationships between world mythology (especially European) and The Lord of the Rings trilogy.  J.R.R. Tolkein studied mythology and world languages extesively.  Many of his characters, themes and plots parallel established mythological traditions.  

Some similarities are:

Frodo
   Oddyseus

The Ring
   Andvari's ring (Volsung Saga)   

Arathorn
   Sigmund (Volsung Saga)

Aragorn
   Sigurd (Volsung Saga)

Aragorn's sword, Anduril 
   Gram (Volsung Saga)

Shadowfax
   Grani (Volsung Saga)



Other pre-Christian mythological references can be seen:

    * a "Green Man" (Tom Bombadil)
    * wise men (the White Council, especially the Istari or Wizards)
    * shapechangers (Beorn)
    * undead spirits or ghosts (Barrow-wights, Oathbreakers)
    * sentient non-humans (Dwarves, Elves, Hobbits and Ents)